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Sunday, November 22, 2020 | History

2 edition of Direct-seeding of commercial trees on surface-mine spoil found in the catalog.

Direct-seeding of commercial trees on surface-mine spoil

Donald Hubert Graves

Direct-seeding of commercial trees on surface-mine spoil

  • 132 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service in Cincinnati, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Revegetation -- Kentucky,
  • Reforestation -- Kentucky

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Donald H. Graves, Stanley B. Carpenter, and Robert F. Wittwer
    SeriesInteragency energy/environment R&D program report -- EPA-600/7-80-073, Research reporting series -- EPA-600/7-80-073
    ContributionsCarpenter, Stanley B, Wittwer, Robert F, United States. Science and Education Administration. Cooperative Research, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Cincinnati, Ohio), Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Cincinnati, Ohio). Resource Extraction and Handling Division, University of Kentucky. Forestry Dept
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv, 10 p. ;
    Number of Pages10
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17967084M

    Early Tree Growth in Reclaimed Mine Soils in Appalachia USA Forests Evaluating the Use of Tree Shelters for Direct Seeding of Castanea on a Surface Mine in Appalachia Forests Survival and growth of 20 species of trees and shrubs on Appalachian surface mines Land Degradation & Development GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Tamarack is a native, deciduous, coniferous, small- to medium-sized upright tree. It has a straight bole with a narrow pyramidal crown. Tamarack is a good self-pruner and by 25 to 30 years of age, trees are generally clear of branches for one-half to two-thirds of their bole [].Trees generally reach 50 to 75 feet ( m) in height and 14 to 20 inches ( Black cherry is used for reclamation of surface mine spoil. The leaves, twigs, bark, and seeds produce a cyanogenic glycoside. Most livestock poisoning apparently comes from eating wilted leaves, which contain more of the toxin than fresh leaves, but white-tailed deer browse seedlings and Seller Rating: % positive. @article{osti_, title = {Reclamation of coal-mined land in the southwest}, author = {Aldon, E.F.}, abstractNote = {Technical report:The soils, climate, and vegetation of coal mining areas in the southwestern U.S. are described. Revegetation techniques are outlined. Alkali saction, western wheatgrass, fourwing saltbush, and Indian ricegrass are currently the most promising species to.


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Direct-seeding of commercial trees on surface-mine spoil by Donald Hubert Graves Download PDF EPUB FB2

EPA/ April DIRECT-SEEDING OF COMMERCIAL TREES ON SURFACE-MINE SPOIL by Donald H. Graves, Stanley B. Carpenter and Robert F. Wittwer Forestry Department University of Kentucky Lexington, Kentucky EPA/IAG D6-E SEA/CR No. Project Director C. Direct-seeding of commercial trees on surface-mine spoil.

Cincinnati: Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Springfield, Va.: Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type. Three large-seeded tree species, northern red oak (Quercus rubra), pin oak (Quercus palustris), and bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa) and one small-seeded species Paulownia (Paulownia tomentosa), were spot-seeded and European alder (Alnus glutinosa) was broadcast-seeded on eastern Kentucky surface mine spoil.

Treatments included four mulches - hydromulch shredded bark, shredded bark and poultry Cited by: 1. Direct-seeding of commercial trees on surface-mine spoil / by Donald H. Graves, Stanley B. Carpenter, and Robert F. Wittwer. By Donald Hubert Graves AbstractAuthor: Donald Hubert Graves.

General Technical Report NE, pp. 9 V.T. Plass, Direct seeding of trees and shrubs on surface-mined lands in Vest Virginia, in: K.A, Utz (Ed.), Proc, of the Conference on Forestation of Disturbed Surface Areas, USDA Forest Service, Atlanta, Ga,pp, 10 R.F.

Vittwer, D.H. Graves and S. Carpenter, Establishing Oaks and Author: A.G.R. Luke. Evaluation of direct-seeding of tree species on surface mine soil after five years.

In Proceedings Symposium on Surface Mining, Hydrology, Sedimentology and Reclamation, Graves DH (ed.). American chestnut (Castanea dentata), once a primary constituent of the eastern hardwood forest ecosystem, was nearly extirpated from the forest canopy by the accidental introduction of chestnut blight (Cryphonectria parasitica).

An intensive breeding program has sought to breed blight resistance from Chinese chestnut into American chestnuts, while maintaining as much of the desirable American Cited by: 4.

Studies examining the use of direct seeding on surface mine sites are somewhat limited, but there have been some examining the reestablishment of American Chestnut (Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh.) in eastern forests from seed.

Some of these have also examined the effect of tree shelter : Sarah L. Hall, Christopher D. Barton, Kenton L. Sena, Patrick Angel. surface mine spoil. The leaves, twigs, bark, and seeds produce a cyanogenic glycoside. Most livestock poisoning apparently comes from eating wilted leaves, which contain more of the toxin than fresh leaves, but white-tailed deer browse seedlings and saplings without harm.

The inner bark, where the glycoside isFile Size: 99KB. Direct seeding was initiated in the fall of using seed of pine, spruce, and alder. The results obtained showed that direct seeding is a viable alternative Direct-seeding of commercial trees on surface-mine spoil book the use of container or bare root materials for specific locations in a mined : Terry M.

Macyk, Vernon G. Belts. In –, a series of reforestation plots were created on a reclaimed surface mine in eastern Kentucky, USA, to evaluate the impacts of post-mining spoil preparation on plantation. Revegetation has overcome pollution and aesthetic problems, illustrating that direct seeding can be successful on a calcareous substrate where heavy metals are relatively unavailable and acidity is not a problem.

Direct seeding/planting of native plant speciesCited by: The book provides a narrative of how inert spoil can be converted to live soil. Instructive illustrations show mine sites before and after rehabilitation. The purpose of this book is to provide students, scientists, and professional personnel in the mining industry sensible, science-based information needed to rehabilitate sustainably areas 5/5(1).

Regardless of these conditions, post-mine sites are usually characterised by a severe lack of soil organic matter, poor air-to-water ratios, compaction, extreme acidity or alkalinity, and often excessive salinity (Brevik and Lazari,Pietrzykowski,Pietrzykowski,Roberts et al., ).The soils are characterised by a deficit of nutrients, and their disturbance relationships.

Direct-seeding of commercial trees on surface-mine spoil / (Cincinnati: Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Springfield, Va.: Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, ), by Donald Hubert Graves, Robert F.

Wittwer, Stanley B. Carpenter, University of Kentucky. Forestry Dept, Ohio). PREEMERGENT HERBICIDE TRIALS WITH DIRECT-SEEDED BLACK LOCUST GROWN IN DIFFERENT SOILS12 by W.

Geyer, of herbicides in direct seeding might be feasible. However, the high germination rates in pot studies Direct seeding of commercial trees on surface-mine spoil.

Interagency Energy/Environment R & D Program Report # EPA - / “Evaluating the Use of Tree Shelters for Direct Seeding of Castanea on a Surface Mine in Appalachia.” Forests (5-Year Impact Factor: ) 4.

Sena, Kenton, Christopher D. Barton, Sarah Hall, Patrick Angel, Carmen Agouridis, and Richard Warner. Influence of Spoil Type on Afforestation Success and Natural Vegetative. surface mine spoil. The leaves, twigs, bark, and seeds produce a cyanogenic glycoside.

Most livestock poisoning apparently comes from eating wilted leaves, which contain more of the toxin than fresh leaves, but white-tailed deer browse seedlings and saplings without harm.

The inner bark, where the glycoside is. Although red maple naturally germinates and becomes established on many types of seedbeds, direct seeding in an old field failed. Survival was only 37 percent after the first year (2).

Planting of seedlings has not succeeded on strip-mine spoil banks (26) or old fields (45). A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.

Abstract A commercial, no-till row planter was extensively modified for use in direct seeding of hardwood tree species in surface mine reclamation. A pneumatic seed metering system was designed, fabricated, and mounted on the planter by: 1.

To chill a small number of seeds, soak them in water for 48 hours and allow to drain. Next place your seeds on a paper towel, moisten it with water and fold. Put the moist paper towel in a labelled and sealed plastic bag and refrigerate for weeks before sowing. This generally takes an.

A commercial, no-till row drill was extensively modified for use in direct sowing of hardwood tree species in surface mine reclamation. A pneumatic seed metering system was designed, fabricated, and mounted on the drill.

The metering device was tested under laboratory conditions which simulated varying terrain slope and field speed with seeds of various hardwood tree by: 1.

Du Pont farmer's handbook; instructions in the use of dynamite for clearing land, planting and cultivating trees, drainage, ditching and subsoiling on *FREE* shipping on qualifying cturer: Wilmington, Del., E.I.

du Pont de Nemours Powder Co. This post is a pictorial example of how to apply P.A. Yeomans' Keyline-patterning for deep ripping, direct drilling or tree planting. It is meant to hopefully help clarify the subject a little for those who'd like to apply keyline patterning to their landscape in some respect, as I've seen and heard a number of incorrect.

Full text of "Establishment of seeded black locust on spoil banks" distribution of seedlings is often a limiting factor for determining the degree of success in evaluating the direct seeding on a spoil bank.

A spoil bank may have a relatively large number of trees per acre, but if those seedlings are grouped on a small portion of the area.

The Alberta Research Council, Inc. (ARC) has conducted a surface coal mine reclamation research program in association with the operations of Smoky River Coal Ltd.

near Grande Cache, Alberta since The main objective of this long-term study was to develop and refine cost-effective methods of establishing a self-sustaining vegetation cover that is in harmony with adjacent undisturbed areas.

Improved understanding of hyperaccumulation yields commercial phytoextraction and phytomining technologies. Journal Environmental Qual - Coates, W. Tree species selection for a mine tailings bioremediation project in Peru. Biomass Bioenergy 28 (4), - PLANTING HARDWOOD TREE SEEDLINGS ON RECLAIMED MINE LAND IN APPALACHIA V.

Davis, J. Franklin, C. Zipper, P. Angel Introduction The Forestry Reclamation Approach (FRA) is a method of reclaiming surface coal mines to forested post-mining land use (see Forest Reclamation Advisory No. “Use proper tree planting techniques” is Step 5 of the File Size: KB.

Reforesting Unused Surface Mined Lands by Replanting with Native Trees Angel, Burger, Zipper, and Eggerud USDA Forest Service Proceedings, RMRS-P in the eastern coal fields (Angel and others ; Burger and others ).

The reforestation guidelines in this publication are intended. Planting for Surface Mine Reclamation 15 Natural Seeding 16 Direct Seeding 16 Planting for Wildlife Chapter 3 Selecting the Right Species 18 Planting Objectives Projected Time for Potential Forest Products 20 Species – Site Suitability Soil Nomenclature Species Suitable for Planting on Mine Spoil 26 Soil – Site Index.

m CASE STUDY Spoil the Turf, Save the Trees Just when Doug Petersan was considering leveling trees to protect greens at Baltimore CC, he heard about a new amino acid treatment that offered hope Problem The composition of trees on four holes prevented air movement and limited the amount of sunlight to the grass in those areas.

That. Iron sulfate lowers pH but requires a much larger volume of product to produce the same results as sulfur. It is often used to treat specific symptoms of iron deficiency.

Iron sulfate will provide faster results than sulfur (in three or four weeks) but can damage plants if over-used. It can be dug into the soil as a powder or applied in Author: Vanessa Richins Myers. Revue de cytologie et de biologie vegetales le botaniste v. 2 (2): p. ill; 12 ref. Language: FRENCH; ENGLISH 37 NAL Call.

No.: TSS75S95 Evaluation of direct-seeding of tree species on surface mine spoil after five years. Black cherry is used for surface mine spoil reclamation in the East.

Best results are obtained by planting 1-year-old or older nursery grown seedlings. Direct seeding has generally been unsuccessful. Black cherry is an important commercial tree.

The rich reddish-brown wood is strong, hard, and close-grained. It works well and finishes smoothly. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE: Black cherry is an important commercial tree. The rich reddish-brown wood is strong, hard, and close-grained.

It works well and finishes smoothly, making it one of the most valued cabinet and furniture woods in North America [].Black cherry wood is also used for paneling, interior trim, veneers, handles, crafts, toys, and scientific instruments [17,58]. Hybrid chestnut (Castanea dentata × C. mollissima) has the potential to provide a valuable agroforestry crop on formerly coal mined landscapes.

However, the soil interactions of mycorrhizal fungi and buried metals associated with mining are not known. This study examined soil, plant tissue, and ectomycorrhizal (ECM) root colonization on eight-year-old hybrid (BC1F3 and.

texts All Books All Texts latest This Just In Smithsonian Libraries FEDLINK (US) Genealogy Lincoln Collection. Books to Borrow. Top Full text of "Mine drainage and surface mine reclamation: proceedings of a conference" See other formats.

Miscellaneous observations on planting and training timber-trees: particularly calculated for the climate of Scotland ; in a series of letters [James Anderson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

This is a reproduction of a book published before This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages. Table Distribution of spoils by pH classes, Site 2 permitted conlparisons of survival and in percent growth with pH and pliosphorus values.

For - Shrub blocks Tree blocks these evaluations, the acid spoils of Site 2 pH class -- Site I Site Site I Site were designated Site 2-A ; and the neutral to to 8 slightly alkalille spoils were referred to as.

Agroforestry refers to land use systems in which trees or shrubs are grown in association with agricultural crops, or pastures and livestock.

From its inception, it has contained a strong element of soil management. Well-designed and managed agroforestry systems have the potential to control run-off and erosion, maintain soil organic matter and Cited by: @article{osti_, title = {Survival and growth of wildlife shrubs and trees on acid mine spoil}, author = {Fowler, D.K.

and Adkisson, L.F.}, abstractNote = {The purpose of this study was to assess the survival and growth of selected wildlife plants over a wide range of acid mine spoil conditions and to identify species suitable for surface mine reclamation.Land, as well as buildings, trees, soil, minerals, timber, plants, and other things permanently affixed to the land are known as.

Real Property __ is/are an example of real property. Buildings. C. rent or sell the space above the property for commercial purposes.